According to a study The Price of Offshore Revisited, prepared by the Organization of Tax Justice Network, capital drain from Moldova through offshore zones taking into account the profits earned from investments made over the past 16 years made about $ 2 billion.
It is noted that the aggregate amount of capital taken out of Moldova through offshore zones in 2010 could cover about 43% of the country external debt, estimated by the authors study at the $ 4.6 billion. in Moldova, along with Armenia and Kyrgyzstan, close the list of CIS countries in terms of capital outflows in the offshore zone.
The smallest amount of capital among all the CIS countries is exported from Kyrgyzstan - $ 0.9 billion (23% of the country's external debt). The outflow of capital to offshore from Armenia stopped in 2010 at $ 2.2 billion (36% of the country's external debt). This is followed by Tajikistan - $ 2.4 billion (82% debt), Turkmenistan - $ 3.44 billion (835% debt), Georgia - $ 4.1 billion (44% debt), Belarus - $ 5.89 billion . (23% debt), Uzbekistan - $ 23 billion (313% debt), Azerbaijan - $ 47.9 billion (684% debt). Leaders in the CIS in capital outflows to offshore zones are: Kazakhstan - $ 138.2 billion (118% of debt), Ukraine - $ 166.8 billion (144% debt), and Russia - $ 797.9 billion (207% of the external debt). Results from the CIS countries in the offshore zones from 1993 to 2010 made $ 1 trillion 194.8 billion, from countries of "New Europe" through offshore it is transferred about $ 742.3 billion, including from Romania - $ 191.1 billion (72% of debt) and Bulgaria - $ 43.8 billion (89 %). In total, according to the study, the outflow of capital through tax havens in the world is estimated at $ 21 trillion. Countries, the leaders of the illegal outflow of capital in 1993-2010 are China ($ 1.2 trillion), Russia ($ 798 billion) and South Korea ($ 779 billion).
In preparing the study they used data from the IMF, World Bank, the world's governments and other sources.InfoMarket