The number of fatal accidents and the rate of injuries caused by traffic accidents through the fault of drunken motorists will go down 40% before 2020. The respective goal is stipulated in a National Program on alcohol control 2012-2020 approved by the Government.
The document provides for limited access of citizens under the age of 18 and drunken people to alcoholic beverages, and a mass campaign to spread information on alcohol hazards for diverse groups of the population.
Besides, authorities propose to raise excises on liquors and wines (except natural wines and beer) by 60%.
The program also provides to fully adjust the national legislation on alcohol quality in conformity with the European Union legislation and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations before 2020. At the same time, authorities need to ensure the stocktaking of home-made alcoholic beverages at 70%, and those smuggled to the country.
Eventually, authorities expect that the number of chronic alcoholics and people suffering from alcoholic psychosis, with mental or intellectual disabilities related to the alcohol consumption will go down 5% before 2020; and the rate of sickness and untimely death caused by hepatitis and vascular illnesses – down 10%.
Also, promoting alcoholic beverages will be fully prohibited before 2020, and all such products will be marked with respective inscriptions about healthy lifestyle.
According to official data, Moldova is in the list of countries with the highest alcohol consumption rate per a person. In conformity with the WHO Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health 2011, the maximum consumption of alcoholic beverages per a person makes 18.2 liters annually, against the average indicator of 12.1 liters, and a world one – 6.13 liters.
About 46,800 chronic alcoholics are registered in Moldova, of which 7,200 are women. About 320,000 persons aged between 15 and 29 years die of alcohol in the world annually.